Elizabeth sent money to. In religious matters now she was herself the highest authority. English patriotism was excited to a high Pitch and Roman Catholics and protestants stood together to beat back the attacks of the enemy. Only office bearers were required take oath.
The two stances seemed to clash and as a result, early religious policy with regards to the Catholics in England lacked any real clarity. This continued for the next forty years to come.
Elizabeth had need of all her gifts and abilities to wrestle successfully with the gigantic problems which faced her. However, unfortunately for these clergymen nothing of the kind happened. Inshe propounded the Thirty-Nine. Both were dis-satisfied with the state of affairs in England, Spain wished to regain the influence it had wielded there during Mary's reign and to reestablish Catholicism.
It prevented Mary Queen elizabeths treatment of catholics essay Guise and her family from using England's coat of Arms, it forced them to formally recognize Elizabeth as Queen of England, and it reacquired the removal of French forces from Scotland. She became instead the Supreme Governor.
Danger from Mary Stuart: This perception is of paramount significance in understanding the nature of Elizabeth's early reputation. She was therefore moving slowly and carefully in the religious matters.
Following that, she married another unpopular man named Bothwell. This statue which, with some modifications, remained enforce till the second decade of the nineteenth century was supplemented in by the important poor law its main provisions affirmed the legal claim of the destitute to relief and bestowed on the Justices the power to impose a-compulsory poor rate on the inhabitants of any Parish under their control.
Though the Parliament expressed its wish and Prayer that she should marry and give an heir to the British throne, Elizabeth was more a diplomat than a woman. The devout Catholic woman from York was arrested in for harbouring Catholic priests. The Pope had considered this marriage as illegal and improper.
She equalled Elizabeth in coloness and courage, but lacked the discretion of the English Queen. There were reasons for it. It is unclear whether this belief was present during Elizabeth's own lifetime, or was a posthumous development. By the end ofthe Queen was unwilling to tolerate a group that threatened her very well being and title.
As Elizabeth was the great prize of Europe and in her younger days not personally unattractive, virtually every eligible prince in Western and Central Europe proposed to her. Thus on the one hand, reforms were being carried on in the Catholic religion while on the other; Calvin was countering it by counter-reformation.
Many Catholic gentry held important positions in local government and she did not want to provoke any negative response so early on.
By the Treaty of Edinburgh negotiated between the English and the French the Latter promised to lead to withdraw from Scotland, thus assuring ascendancy of the Reformation party. After extensive preparations, Philip's fleet which the spariards had named the 'Invincible Armada', sailed, for England in May with disastrous results for Spain.
If the belief that Elizabeth was secretly a man was sufficiently widespread, then it lends new interpretation to such statements as "Now I see the Queen is a woman" 3 and "Oh lord, the Queen is a woman" 4perhaps otherwise rather strange remarks to have been made, as "Queen" by definition implies a person of female gender.
Henceforth, to the end of their life, Elizabeth endeavoured to keep Scotland in firm alliance with England in order to prevent. It also provided employment to thousands of the Britishers who were greatly benefited by this trade.
Ina 12 pence fine for refusing to go to church was created, and the loss of office for Catholic clergy refusing to take the oath of supremacy. The crushing defeat administered to the Spaniards shattered once and for all the tradition of Spanish invincibility. All of these failed plots hoped to assassinate Elizabeth and wanted the Spanish Army, which Philip II had then sent to suppress Protestants in the Netherlands, to invade England.
Within the space of 30 years, Catholics who had been free to quietly worship in manor houses had become the hunted.
His vast possessions on both sides of the Atlantic made him the most powerful monarch in the world, and besides to destroy protestantism to make Christendom a "Seamless garment". William of orange and helped him with men also. They returned but as angry men who expected the new Queen to turn on the religion that had forced them to leave their home country.
Politics and religion were so intricately connected in the Elizabethan period that it was difficult to determine one from the other. Spain was enormously rich from her possessions in the new world, and her soldiers were at that time the best in Europe.
To begin with, the Queen's reputation in her own life time, can perhaps give an interesting insight into sixteenth century life - their values and beliefs, attitudes towards monarchy, religion, sex and marriage, and the role of women in society.
Those w did not go church were fined one shilling each.Queen Elizabeth and the Church In: Historical Events Submitted By doreenmakena Queen Elizabeth I and the Catholic Church During the Queen Elizabeth Ian Era (), English Catholics were public enemy In order to find out if the Roman Catholics were in fact a serious threat to Elizabeth and her church the essay must be split down.
An essay on the reputation of Queen Elizabeth I in history. Also a number of essays on life in Tudor times, including marriage, childhood, architecture and theatre. Contributions from Alan Roberts. Catholics believed that the true Queen of the land was Mary Queen of Scots.
In he issued a bull "Regnans in Excelsis" (a papal document) against Elizabeth, that excommunicated her and absolved all her subjects from allegiance to her and her laws.
Ultimately it was Elizabeth's luck that Henry IV came to the throne despite the intention of the Catholic League, and so France and England's alliance remained strong.
Elizabeth certainly was skilful in some aspects of her forty-five year reign, but lucky in others. Queen Elizabeth’s Treatment of Catholics The reformation of England had been a long drawn out affair dating back to King Henry VIII’s Act of Supremacy in By the accession of Elizabeth inmany historians believe that she inherited a country, which was still predominantly Catholic in belief.
In comparison to Queen Mary’s ruthless policy over Protestant subjects, Elizabeth adopted a cautious if not liberal policy towards Catholicism. The general consensus of many historians is that Elizabeth did not really care about what her subjects believed as long as they kept their religious views to themselves.Download